Danny Kaye, Virginia Mayo & Sam Goldwyn

Danny & Virginia - 1945 poster art
Danny & Virginia - 1945 poster art (don't you love her shoes?!?!)

When I was growing up, some of my absolute favorite movies were Sam Goldwyn’s Danny Kaye/Virginia Mayo musicals made during the ‘40s. For a twelve year old, the films were bright, breezy, funny and chock-a-block with snappy tunes and zippy one-liners.

I thought it would be fun to revisit them to see if they’re still just as much fun today as they were then. ( They are. 😉 )

Up in Arms (1944)

Kaye in Up in Arms
Kaye cutting up in Up in Arms.

Although this film stars Dinah Shore with Kaye, it firmly sets up what was to be the Kaye/Mayo mold. It was Kaye’s first feature film and Goldwyn didn’t want to risk starring two unknowns, so Shore was brought in at the last minute to amp up the star wattage. Co-starring Dana Andrews and Constance Dowling, Up in Arms is Wartime Propaganda at its finest packaged in the form of a fluffy, sweetly silly romp in which hypochondriac Daniel Weems (Kaye) and best friend Joe (Andrews) are drafted into the army where Kaye’s obsessive compulsive behavior lands them both into a bottomless pit of hot water. Dinah Shore’s Tess’ Torch Song is a definite highlight, but more than that, Up In Arms first introduces us to what would be Kaye’s trademark: his tongue-twisting, rapid-fire monologues.

Decades before the likes of Jim Carrey, and well before Jerry Lewis, Danny Kaye wrote the book on rubber-faced comic madness.

Written in partnership with his wife Sylvia Fine, Kaye’s singular mix of pantomime, song and dance is truly unique and are here unleashed for the first time. Kaye’s Melody in 4-F, a smashing stage success for him, is captured on film in Up In Arms … although tamed considerably for the censors. 😉

Wonder Man (1945)

Kaye gets a hankering for S.Z. Sakall's potato salad in Wonder Man.
Kaye gets a hankering for S.Z. Sakall's potato salad in Wonder Man.

Wonder Man is a tired premise executed with delightful freshness and creativity.  Kaye plays identical twins: bookworm Edwin Dingle and nightclub singer Buzzy Bellew. When Buzzy is knocked off by notorious gangster ‘Ten Grand Jackson’ for being the Man Who Knew Too Much, the only person who can bring the thugs to justice is Edwin—with a little help from the ghost of Buzzy, that is. (The special effects in the film, by the way, were cutting edge and won a special Oscar.) Buzzy’s ghost possesses his brother in order to lead the cops to Jackson, resulting in the proverbial tangled web we weave:  Mild-mannered Dingle, with a squeaky-clean sweetheart of his own (Virginia Mayo) is forced to pretend to be the outrageous Buzzy who happens to be engaged to nightclub hottie Midge Mallone (Vera-Ellen). A cliché of a plot, perhaps, but Kaye’s wild versatility and show-stopping shenanigans keeps the film fresh and funny. Mayo is fresh from her role in the winsome Bob Hope comedy The Princess and the Pirate and is nothing but soft-focused splendor (the Sultan of Morocco once said that her beauty was proof of the existence of God) and the film also marks Vera-Ellen makes her feature film debut. Ellen’s sensational dancing talents are well showcased, particularly in a dazzling number entitled So In Love, and I am happy to report that it is just as delightful to me now as it was at the ripe old age of 12. The colors and the costumes are an eye popping Technicolor feast, but Vera Ellen’s dancing gams are what’s truly jaw-dropping:


The Kid From Brooklyn (1946)

The Kid From Brooklyn (1946) poster art
The Kid From Brooklyn (1946) poster art

By the time Kaye and Mayo were cast in Goldwyn’s 1946 remake of Harold Lloyd’s The Milky Way, the team was box office gold. And even though The Kid From Brooklyn lacks Wonder Man’s ingenuity and spunk, it is still breezy, easy entertainment. Delightful, if not a bit dizzy, the film follows the exploits of milkman Burleigh Sullivan who apparently knocks out the middleweight champion of the world. Not exactly good PR for the champ’s agent who concocts a scam to profit over the mishap. He takes the gullible Burleigh and touts him as a boxing sensation, fixing fights across the country to turn him into a star. The fact that Burleigh boxes like he’s waving hello leads to quite a few memorable moments, particularly Eve Arden (the manager’s gal pal) who teaches him the ropes of boxing to the tune of Johann Strauss’ Blue Danube:  “Trah-la-la-la-la-boom-boom-boom-boom!” The manager then bets against Burleigh in a Vegas-esque fight and, well, you can guess the outcome. Vera-Ellen is Burleigh’s dancing sister and Mayo is the singer that falls for him. Even though Mayo does lip syncs her numbers (her musical numbers were always dubbed) it’s still a lot of fun to watch the Sammy Kahn numbers.

And oh those Goldwyn Girls.

The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947)

Walter Mitty's dreams of the Old South in The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.
Walter Mitty dreams of the Old South in The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.

The Secret Life of Walter Mitty remains the most famous of the Goldwyn/Kaye/Mayo films, and understandably so. Norman McLeod, who had brought to the screen classics such as Topper, Lady Be Good as well as Wonder Man and Kid From Brooklyn, finely helms this memorably sweet, smart and sassy story of the loveable daydreamer Walter Mitty. Walter Mitty is a beleaguered wage slave at a pulp-fiction publishing company who is utterly (pardon the expression) pussy-whipped by his mother and fiancé, and retreats into his daydreams to find solace and assert himself as a man.  When the woman of his dreams (Mayo) turns up on his train into town one unexpected morning, Mitty is pulled into a game of cat and mouse that turns his life upside down. Mayo, whose roles are painfully cookie-cutter in the Goldwyn films, is here able to actually flex some acting chops (more to follow in A Song is Born) and the strong supporting cast of Boris Karloff, Faye Bainter and Ann Rutherford results in pure cinematic gold. It is also perhaps the most ‘dramatic’ Kaye/Mayo film—not the fluffy extravaganzas of the earlier films, but a film that pivots around a plot the viewer actually invests in.  Mitty’s daydreams are terrific fun, as are the character actors and the suspense ramps up to a nail-bitingly fun finale.

A pair of Goldwyn Girls on the set of The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.
A pair of Goldwyn Girls on the set of The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.

A Song is Born (1948)

Charlie Barnett, Tommy Dorsey, Benny Goodman, Louis Armstong & Lionel Hampton
Charlie Barnett, Tommy Dorsey, Benny Goodman, Louis Armstong & Lionel Hampton

Long-time readers of the Pictorial will know exactly how dear this film is to our heart. Howard Hawks’ remake of his beloved 1941 screwball Stanwyck-Cooper starrer Ball of Fire is not the finely crafted sophisticated romp the original was … but it’s the music that makes this film positively priceless. In my opinion, the film contains s segment of celluloid that is living history in its most impressively organic form. Here we have the unprecedented (and arguably unmatched) interracial jazz ensemble of Tommy Dorsey, Lionel Hampton, Mel Powell, Benny Goodman, Charlie Barnett (WOW!) and Pops himself, Louis Armstrong, jamming together in the film’s titular A Song is Born.  Kaye is his usual, stuttering, bumbling self, but it is Mayo who really gets to dig into the role. Taking her cue from Barbara Stanwyck’s femme fatale of the 1941 original, it is easy to see how Mayo would go on to play such tough jawed dames as White Heat’s Verna Jarret. (She’d already proven her range as Dana Andrew’s philandering wife in The Best Years Of Our Lives.) It is the last Kaye/Mayo pairing, and was a disappointment at the box office, but it certaily deserves rediscovery … if for no other reason than the following fabulous musical scenes:

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Film writer and social media marketing professional. 2019 Social Ambassador for the 10th Annual TCM Classic Film Festival. Previously: social media associate at Warner Archive and script writer for Turner Classic Movies. Working on a Montgomery Clift biography due late 2020.

2 thoughts on “Danny Kaye, Virginia Mayo & Sam Goldwyn

  1. Love your posts!And especially enjoyed watching that WONDER MAN clip – really is a captivating performance!

    Miss you over at Decades – keep in touch! 🙂

    Happy Holidays,

  2. Amen! Great post (surprise, suprise!). The comic genius of Kaye is absolutely unmatched. I always marvel at the hilarity and lightning pace of the Kaye/Fine numbers (or monologues, or whatever).

    I’ve seen Wonder Man and The Kid from Brooklyn, but haven’t been able to find the other two anywhere. Do you have any advice? I’d LOOOOVE to see them.

    By the way… Charlie Barnett, Tommy Dorsey, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, AND King Louis?! Pinch me; I have GOT to be dreaming.

    P.S. Potato salad! 🙂

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